Here I am making my glass beads using a very hot torch that runs on propane and oxygen combined. I use glass rods that come from all over the world, melt them and wind them on to a steel rod called a mandrel. All the decoration is applied with hot glass using various techniques. Then they go in my kiln to be annealed which makes them strong.
In the old days they used oil lamps and made them hotter by blowing on the flame….that’s why it’s called Lampworking.